If you have had an abnormal Pap test, irregular bleeding patterns, post-menopausal bleeding, or possible infection, your physician may recommend an endometrial biopsy. This is a procedure in which a sample of the uterine lining is removed and sent to a lab to be tested. Pregnant women should not have this procedure.
The biopsy is performed in a similar way to a pap smear—a speculum will be placed in the vagina and then a small instrument will be passed through the cervix to the uterus and will remove a small bit of tissue from your uterus.
Following the biopsy, you may experience nausea, cramping, and slight discomfort. In rare cases, there may be severe uterine bleeding or infection. Be sure to contact your physician if you notice any unusual or severe symptoms after the procedure.